Dilantin (Phenytoin)

Dilantin is an anti seizure medication that is used for treating selected types of seizure problems. It is not effective against all kinds of epilepsy.

Dilantin 100 mg

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How it works

Dilantin slows down certain impulses that cause seizures in the brain.

Guidelines for usage

Follow the dosage instructions provided by your doctor or as mentioned in the instruction booklet/product label.

Always use only as prescribed. Never exceed the dosage.

Dilantin may be used with or without food.

Doctors recommend that you swallow the whole tablet/capsules with a glass of water unless it is specified that it can be broken or chewed.

NOTE: Use only if prescribed to you and intended for your use. Do not share with others.

Missed Dose

It is common for people to forget their dosage times and miss doses.

Do not panic if you have missed a dose.

Instead, skip the missed dose and take your next dose at the scheduled time. Do not double up or take more than what the doctor has prescribed.

How & where do I store Dilantin?

The medicine label contains detailed instructions regarding safe storage of the medication. Most medicines are best stored at room temperature between 15 and 30 degrees C (59 and 86 degrees F). Some medications may require to be refrigerated. Please check the product label.

Keep it away from the reach of children. Ensure that it is not exposed to direct sunlight or moisture.

Ask your pharmacist about safely disposing off medication that is past expiry date.

Overdose Related Information

If you accidentally consume more medication than what was prescribed, then contact an emergency healthcare center immediately.
Safety Information/ Warning Precautions

Discuss your medical history with your healthcare provider before you start using any new medication.

Ensure that you mention the following:

Any prior serious ailment, lifestyle disease or surgery
All the prescription drugs, OTC health supplements, herbal supplements that you are using currently
Your alcohol intake and whether you smoke or not
Any history of a known allergic reaction to prescription drugs or food
Liver disease;
A vitamin d deficiency or any other condition that causes thinning of the bones;
Porphyria (a genetic enzyme disorder that causes symptoms affecting the skin or nervous system); or
If you drink large amounts of alcohol

This will allow your healthcare provider to prescribe the apt dosage of the medication for you.

To be avoided

You must avoid using Dilantin if it you are allergic to any ingredient in it or if if you also take delavirdine (Rescriptor), or if you are allergic to phenytoin, ethotoin (Peganone), fosphenytoin (Cerebyx), or mephenytoin (Mesantoin).

Using Alcohol

Dilantin is known to cause drowsiness or dizziness. Your vision may be blurred and your judgement affected if you consume alcohol with this medication. So, avoid using alcohol while using Dilantin.

These effects may also get aggravated due to hot weather or fever or severe exercise. So, be cautious when you stand up after a long time from a sitting or lying position. If you feel giddy then lie down immediately and seek medical help.

Additional Information

Dilantin can increase suicidal thoughts. Any symptoms like mood or behavior changes, depression, anxiety, or if you feel agitated, hostile, restless, hyperactive (mentally or physically), or have thoughts about suicide or hurting yourself, must be reported promptly to the doctor.

Asian patients are known to develop a rare but potentially fatal skin problem while using Dilantin.

Important Information for Pregnant Women

Dilantin is categorized under FDA pregnancy category D

Discuss the potential risks with your healthcare provider before using the medication.

Certain medications may be found in breast milk so speak to your child’s doctor to rule out any possibilities of risk.
Side Effects

Report the following side effects to your doctor only if they become bothersome or do not stop on their own

Skin rash or itching; dizziness, nervousness, sleep problems (insomnia); nausea, vomiting, constipation; or headache, joint pain.

The following side effects require immediate medical attention. So report these to your doctor immediately.

Swollen glands, easy bruising or bleeding, swollen or tender gums; fever, sore throat, and headache with a severe blistering, peeling, and red skin rash; the first sign of any skin rash, no matter how mild; confusion, hallucinations, unusual thoughts or behavior; slurred speech, loss of balance or coordination; tremor (uncontrolled shaking), restless muscle movements in your eyes, tongue, jaw, or neck;extreme thirst or hunger, urinating more than usual; loss of appetite, dark urine, clay-colored stools, jaundice (yellowing of the skin or eyes); or changes in the shape of your face or lips.